New Year, New Direction

Devin Best, Executive Director

It is 2015 and time for a new direction.  The RCD Board of Directors and staff have been assessing and evaluating ways to be more efficient and effective in delivering services for soil health, water conservation, and wildlife management while focusing on  building sustainability, resiliency, and stewardship within our community.  To achieve this, the RCD has developed two strategies to reflect the two regions (i.e. North Coast and North County).  For the North Coast, the Santa Rosa Creek watershed is the focus for development of long-term solutions for community health and watershed restoration.  Completion of the Santa Rosa Creek Watershed Management Plan will guide efforts the RCD takes on in the upcoming years.  RCD staff has already begun engaging local landowners and stakeholders to prioritize resources and efforts.  In contrast, following the completion of the SLO Watersheds Management Report, the Salinas River lacks the comprehensive management and planning necessary to implement effective actions.  As such, the RCD is collaborating and organizing with federal, state, and local governments as well as the public to develop long-term watershed management plans for the Salinas River.  The completion of these plans will guide and prioritize action plans for future phases of watershed restoration in North County.

In order to achieve the RCD’s strategic goals, funding opportunities will be critical.  In my new role as Executive Director of the RCD, I have been reaching out to funding organizations to increase and secure funding opportunities and diversify the RCDs financial base.  In the past, local government has been a stronghold for much of the restoration and conservation work done within the RCD’s district providing over 50% of total grant revenue.  Although these funds are less restrictive than other grants, they also tend to be smaller amounts.  As the Executive Director, my goal is to leverage the funds from local government for larger federal and state funds to implement large scale watershed restoration and conservation programs.    All of this will serve to enhance the ecological well being of our beautiful community.

The Benefits of Mulch

Amy Smart,  Conservation Specialist

mulch in yard

Utilizing mulch throughout your property improves aesthetic quality and reduces tedious maintenance requirements.  The many additional environmental benefits mulch provides can assist you in managing for the health of your landscape. Mulch can improve the health of your soil, support vigorous plant growth and supply wildlife habitat while decreasing irrigation water requirements and suppressing weeds. Understanding these positive functions can help you determine the best type of material to apply to your landscape based on your particular goals.

Are you experiencing erosion on your property? Is maintenance an issue? Do you have to water plants in a certain area more than you would like? Would you like to improve the health of your soil? There are many varieties of organic and in-organic mulch that can alleviate these problems by providing different benefits. Some examples include:

 

Alfalfa                                     Shredded Bark                     Cocoa Hulls

Straw                                       Wood Chips                        Rocks

Dried Grass Clippings             Newspaper                          Glass

 

Organic mulches improve the quality of your soil by allowing better water infiltration and retention and increasing plant essential nutrients. Healthier soils promote microorganisms that help lessen soil compaction and improves soil structure. Organic mulch can help promote the establishment of vegetative cover to further decrease erosion on bare slopes.  Both organic and in-organic mulch can help control soil erosion by providing protection from water and wind. Covering soil with mulch moderates soil temperature extremes that can reduce the need for irrigation in summer months and protect plants from frost through winter. Evaporation rates are less when mulch is applied, cutting the need to water plants by as much as 50%. Not only does this save water but energy use associated with irrigation is diminished saving even more resources.

shovels of mulchBy improving the quality of soil, plant vigor and wildlife habitat is improved as well. Some mulches creates a favorable environment for earthworms that continue to improve soil health. Mulching may also provide habitat for beneficial insects and provide pest suppression. When applied at the proper thickness, mulch keeps weeds down decreasing the need for maintenance. Weeds that do grow are much easier to pull when mulch is applied. Once the goal for your project is identified, it’s easier to select the type of mulch that provides the greatest impact based on your needs.

Mulching with straw is useful on bare slopes experiencing erosion. Not all straw is weed free however so it is important to purchase straw that does not carry seeds from invasive species. If establishing vegetation is the goal, native seeds benefit from a layer of straw mulch as it protects the soil surface from erosion, holds moisture and moderates soil temperature. Straw mulch should be applied at a rate to achieve a minimum 70 percent ground cover to help reduce erosion and allow sunlight and air movement for vegetation to grow.

Dried grass clippings can also be applied in this scenario and are a good choice in vegetable and annual flower beds that receive annual cultivation. This type of mulch recycles its nutrients into the garden bed relatively quickly.  Grass clippings make good mulch when applied in thin layers and allowed to dry between applications.

Wood chip mulch is great around trees, shrubs and perennials. Be sure to keep mulch at least 6 inches away from the base of trees and shrubs.  Replacing grass under trees with mulch can minimize competition for water and nutrients. Mulching materials that mesh together are more effective at reducing water evaporation from the soil. Wood chips are not recommended where the soil is routinely cultivated to prepare a seedbed, such as in vegetable or annual flowerbeds.

Newspapers are printed with soy-based inks and are safe for use as an underlay for wood chips or grass mulch.  The newspaper shuts out light, giving a quick stop to germinating weed seeds. Apply newspapers only one to two sheets thick and top with wood chips or grass to hold it in place.  Any remaining newspaper at the end of the growing season may be cultivated into the soil in the fall.

mulch4Rock over landscape fabric is the preferred material for non-plant areas and often considered as low maintenance.  Rock mulch has the advantage over other mulch in that it does not blow, float, or decompose. Using rock in succulent gardens is a common practice. However, in planting beds, rock mulch increases temperatures and may increase water requirements.

In general, you can save money by purchasing mulch in bulk. Bulk mulch is measured in cubic yards. You can calculate the volume of mulch you need by multiplying the area (in square feet) by the depth (fraction of foot, not inches), then dividing by 27. Before applying mulch, remove weeds and water thoroughly. The desired depth of mulch depends on the type and chip size.  Smaller size chips should not exceed a one to two inch depth.  Larger chips are typically applied at three to four inches deep.  Remember that additional mulch needs to be added every few years to bring the mulch depth back to the desired amount.

 

Whether you want to improve curb appeal, decrease weeds, add to the health of your soil or reduce irrigation water, mulch is a great tool to incorporate into your landscape.  Determine your goals and select the right mulch for you!

 

mulch5

Winter Workshops

We have some exciting new workshops coming up in the next few months- and they are all free! If you would like more information or to register, please email admin@us-ltrcd.org or call (805)434-0396 ext. 5

Soil Erosion and Sediment Control Course

  • February 20th, 2015
  • The workshop is a guided tour through a sample agricultural site (X-Line Vineyards), in which participants can view various erosion control and land management techniques. It will cover hydrology and stream function, explain how land use changes – including construction – affect water quality, and examine the importance of vegetation.

Centennial Creek Restoration Workshop

  • April 25th, 2015
  • This workshop will cover the basics of creek restoration techniques. As the RCD prepares to restore Centennial Creek in Paso Robles, residents are encouraged to attend this workshop to learn ways that they can help.